How things have changed

Diagnoses 1850

Mania Acute
Mania Acute with attempted suicide
Mania Acute chronic
Mania Acute with general paralysis
Mania Acute purperal

The accounts showed that in 1850 some of the provisions purchased were  :-

                                                      Ale - 4 gallons                                         8 shillings (40p)

                                                      Beer - 147 gallons                                 £149 - 6 shillings
                                                     Beef - 20,262 lbs                                   £347 - 18 shillings
                                                     Mutton - 2,108 lbs                                  £43 - 18s - 6d
                                                     Tobacco and snuff                                 £28 - 12s -2d
                                                     Treacle - 223 lbs                                     £2 - 6s - 7d


Whereas only 12shillings and ninepence were spent on Fish and Poultry and only £3 and 15 shillings on vegetables and at this time they were not growing much of their own.


Another major purchase was candles and lamp oil as this was the only lighting available at this time as they could not afford to install gas lighting.


The amount spent on Drugs was £15 - 2s - 4d whereas £6 - 13 - 6 was spent on Porter and £16 - 6 - 6 on Wines and Spirits

There is also a sum of £6 - 14s - 6d for the recovery of fugitives.

There was some farming going on as they bought a horse for £19 - 15s - 0d and pigs for £44 - 1s - 7d and they sold pigs for £55 -14s -10d and Dripping for £8 - 18s - 6d


Salaries and Wages 1851
Visiting Physician £100 pa part time post
Medical Superintendent £150 pa
Chaplain £50 pa part time post
Matron £50 pa
Clerk and Steward £100 pa
The two part time officers were employed in other posts.
The three full time officers were entitled to additional emoluments (perks) such as free accommodation, coal, food, laundry etc.

4 Male £20 pa
There seemed to be a fast turnover of female attendants whose wages varied from £8 pa to £15 pa.
Equal pay is a major issue these days but back then and for decades female staff were paid much less than their male counterparts even though their jobs were exactly the same.

Servants, In-door
1 Porter £12 pa
1 Cook £16 pa
1 Housemaid £10 pa
2 Laundress £10 pa and £8 pa
1 Kitchenmaid £8 pa

Servants, Out-door
£50 pa
Attendant £21 -9/- pa
Apart from the obvious massive difference in income from the highest to lowest paid, the privileged few Officers also benefitted from more and better quality food and services and the assistance of patients in doing work for them such as gardening, cleaning etc.

This was the sum-total of staff employed by the Asylum but in addition a number of other skilled and unskilled people were sub-contracted for specific work which provided much needed employment and considerably contributed to the local economy. In comparison to the asylum employees these people were highly paid for their skills as follows:-

Shoemaker £30 - 5/-
Tailor £40 - 10/-
Gardener £38 - 5/-
Others were employed for specific work as and when needed such as Coopers, Joiners, Masons, Bricklayers, Plumber, Sawyers, Cow-man, Farrier, Labourers, Saddler, Chimney Sweep, Accountant, Painters

Other ways in which the local economy was assisted was by the purchase of goods and services from the locality amounting to many hundreds of pounds.
So how was this all paid for?
The main income came from the Unions and Parishes in the Counties of Denbighshire, Flintshire, Caernarvonshire, Anglesey and Meirionethshire for the admission of patients at 9/- per week and other patients from outside the Counties in Union such as Chester, West Derby, Broughton at 10/6 per week. Considerable extra income was received from Private patients whose families paid from £32 -10/- to £52 per annum for second class and from £78 to £120 per annum for first class.
Additional income came from the sale of surplus produce form the garden and farm such as vegetables, livestock and meat.


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